Influencers of University Students’ Career Decision

Main Article Content

Megan Goh
Hasmida Jamaluddin

Abstract

Making a career decision is often challenging among students for which they are expected to decide on a career in times of uncertainty that will have an impact on the rest of their lives. The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors influencing undergraduate students’ career decision and to propose recommendations aimed to rectify career indecisions. The independent variables chosen for this research are extrinsic factors, intrinsic factors, and interpersonal factors, which is derived based on the tri-dimensional model of career choice proposed by Carpenter and Foster (1977). An additional independent variable which is industrial training was added as an extension of the research framework as it is perceived to potentially influence undergraduate students’ career decision as well. All data were collected from 200 undergraduate students from a private university using questionnaires and analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS Version 22). The study results indicate that intrinsic factors are the most influential in affecting undergraduate students’ career decision which is followed by interpersonal factors. However, extrinsic factors and industrial training were found to have insignificant relationship with career decision making.

Article Details

How to Cite
Goh, M., & Jamaluddin, H. . (2021). Influencers of University Students’ Career Decision. Issues and Perspectives in Business and Social Sciences, 1(1), The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors influencing undergraduate students-. https://doi.org/10.33093/ipbss.2021.1.1.4
Section
Research papers

References

Abbasi, M. N., & Sarwat, N. (2014). Factors inducing career choice: Comparative study of five leading professions in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences, 8(3), 830-845.

Ahmed, K. A., Sharif, N., & Ahmad, N. (2017). Factors influencing students’ career choices: Empirical evidence from business students. Journal of Southeast Asian Research, 2017, 1-15.

Ahmed, K., Alam, K. F., & Alam, M. (1997). An empirical study of factors affecting accounting student's career choice in New Zealand. Accounting Education, 6(4), 325-335.

Auyeung, P. K., & Sands, J. (1997). Factors influencing accounting students’ career choice: A Cross-cultural validation study. Accounting Education: An International Journal, 6(1), 13-23.

Aycan, Z., & Fikret-Pasa, S. (2003). Career choices, job selection criteria, and leadership preferences in a transitional nation: The case of Turkey. Journal of Career Development, 30(2), 129-144.

Bai, L. M. (1998). Monetary reward versus the national ideological agenda: Career choice among Chinese university students. Journal of Moral Education, 27(4), 525-540.

Baines J. (2009). What are the factors that shape the career decisions of LSE students? Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Reading, United Kingdom.

Baliyan, P. S., & Baliyan, S. P. (2016). Employment preference of undergraduate accounting students in Botswana: Perceptional analysis of practitioners and students. International Journal of Business and Management, 11(12), 271-282.

Barker, J., & Kellen, J. (1998). Career planning: A developmental approach (1st ed.). New Jersey, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Basow, S. A., & Howe, K. G. (1979). Model influence on career choices of college students. Career Development Quarterly, 27(3), 239-243.

Behling, O., Labovitz, G., & Gainer, M. (1968). College recruiting a theoretical base. Personnel Journal, 47(1), 13-19.

Beyon, J., Toohey, K., & Kishor, N. (1998). Do visible minority students of Chinese and South Asian ancestry want teaching as a career? Perceptions of some secondary school students in Vancouver, B.C. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 30(2), 50-73.

Borchert, M. (2002). Career choice factors of high school students. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Wisconsin-Stout, Menomonie, USA.

Bundy, P., & Norris, D. (1992). What Accounting Students Consider Important in the Job Selection Process. Journal of Applied Business Research, 82(2), 1-6.

Carpenter, P. & Foster, B. (1977). The career decisions of student teachers. Educational Research and Perspectives University of Western Australia, 4(1), 23-33.

Chen, L. S., & Liew, S. A. (2015, February). Factors influencing career decision-making difficulties among graduating students from Malaysian private higher educational institutions. Paper presented at the meeting of Proceedings of 8th Asia-Pacific Business Research Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Choo, L. S., Norsiah, M., & Tan, L. I. (2012). What drives the career choice among engineers? A case in Malaysian manufacturing plant. International Journal of Research Studies in Management, 1(2), 15-24.

Chuene, K., Lubben, F., & Newson, G. (1999). The views of pre-service and novice teachers on mathematics teaching in South Africa related to their educational experience, Educational Research, 41(1), 23-34.

Corporaal, S. (2012, November). Development and validation of a research instrument for measuring young job seekers’ preferences for job and organizational characteristics. Paper presented at the 2nd International PhD Conference of the PhD Program School of Management of the Open Universiteit in the Netherlands, Nijenrode, The Netherlands.

Daly, C. J., & Dee, J. R. (2006). Grener Pastures: Faculty turnover intent in urban public universities. Journal of Higher Education, 77(5), 59-64.

Department of Statistics Malaysia. (2017). Labour force survey report Malaysia. Retrieved August 20, 2017, from https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cthemeByCat&cat=126&bul_id=SGZCNnMrWW9ZTEdpYys4YW0yRlhoQT09&menu_id=U3VPMldoYUxzVzFaYmNkWXZteGduZz09

Department of Statistics Malaysia. (2021a). Labour force survey report Malaysia. Retrieved June 1, 2021, from https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cthemeByCat&cat=126&bul_id=dTF2dkJpcUFYUWRrczhqUHVpcDRGQT09&menu_id=Tm8zcnRjdVRNWWlpWjRlbmtlaDk1UT09

Department of Statistics Malaysia. (2021b). Malaysia economic performance 2020. Retrieved June 1, 2021, from https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php?r=column/cthemeByCat&cat=153&bul_id=cnBscXhyMENra2JzUVhWRTZ4NU44QT09&menu_id=TE5CRUZCblh4ZTZMODZIbmk2aWRRQT09

Duffy, R. D., & Sedlacek, W. E. (2007). The work values of first-year college students: Exploring group differences. The Career Development Quarterly, 55, 359-364.

Edwards, K., & Quinter, M. (2011). Factors influencing students career choices among secondary school students in Kisumu Municipality, Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 2(2), 81-87.

Elizur, D. (1984). Facets of work values: A structural analysis of work outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 379–389.

Emmanuelle, V. (2009). Inter-relationships among attachment to mother and father, self-esteem, and career indecision. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 75(2), 91-99.

Felton, S., Buhr, N., & Northey, M. (1994). Factors influencing the business students' choice of a career in chartered accountancy. Issues in Accounting Education, 9(1), 131-141.

Fizer, D. (2013). Factors affecting career choices of college students enrolled in agriculture. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Tennessee, Martin, USA.

Garland, R. (1991). The mid-point on the rating scale: Is it desirable? Marketing Bulletin, 2(1), 66-70.

Gati, I., Saka, N., & Krausz, M. (2001). Should I use a computer-assisted career guidance system? It depends on where your career decision-making difficulties lie. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, 29(3), 301-321.

Gokuladas, V. K. (2010). Factors that influence first-career choice of undergraduate engineers in software services companies. Career Development International, 15(2), 144-165.

Gul, F.A., Andrew, B.H., Leong, S.C., & Ismail, Z. (1989). Factors influencing choice of discipline of study-accountancy, engineering, law and medicine. Accountant and Finance, 29(2), 93-101.

Hair, J. J., Anderson, R. E., Tatham, R. L., & Black, W. C. (1998). Multivariate data analysis (5th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc.

Hayibor, S. (2012). Equity and Expectancy Considerations in Stakeholder Action. Business & Society, 51(2), 220-262.

Hoffman, J. J., Hofacker, C., & Goldsmith, E. B. (1992). How closeness affects parental influence on business college students' career choices. Journal of Career Development, 19(1), 65-73.

Hsiao, J., & Nova, S. P. D. C. C. (2016). Generational approach to factors influencing career choice in accounting. Revista Contabilidade & Finanças, 27(72), 393-407.

Ibrahim, D. H. M., & Mahyuddin, M. Z. (2016). Youth unemployment in Malaysia: Developments and policy considerations. Wilayah Persekutuan: Bank Negara Malaysia.

James, O. J., & Denis, O. (2015). Factors influencing career choice among undergraduate students in an African university context: The case of agriculture students at Makerere University, Uganda. Journal of Dynamics in Agricultural Research, 2(2), 12-20.

Johanson, G. A., & Brooks, G. P. (2009). Initial scale development: Sample size for pilot studies. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 70(3), 394-400.

Ko, W. H. (2007). Training, satisfaction with internship programs, and confidence about future careers among hospitality students: A case study of universities in Taiwan. Journal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism, 7(4), 1–15.

Kroh, M. (2007). Measuring left–right political orientation: The choice of response format. Public Opinion Quarterly, 71(2), 204-220.

Lam, T., & Ching, L. (2007). An exploratory study of an internship program: The case of Hong Kong students. Hospitality Management, 26(2), 336–351.

Lawler III, E. E., & Suttle, J. L. (1973). Expectancy theory and job behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 9(3), 482-503.

Lee, C. S., & Chao, C. W. (2012). Intention to “Leave” or “Stay” – The Role of Internship Organization in the Improvement of Hospitality Students’ Industry Employment Intentions. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 18, 1-17.

Mansor, A. T., & Tan, K. A. (2009). Influence of gender on career readiness among Malaysian undergraduates. Australian Journal of Career Development, 18(2), 33-44.

Marinas, L. E., Igret, R. S., Marinas, C. V., & Prioteasa, E. (2016). Factors influencing career choice: The Romanian business and administration students' experience. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 5(3), 267-278.

Mauldin, S., Crain, J. L., & Mounce, P. H. (2000). The accounting principles instructors’ influence on students’ decision to major in accounting. Journal of Education for Business, 75(3), 142-148.

Ministry of Youth and Sports Malaysia. (1997). National youth development policy of Malaysia. Retrieved August 20, 2017, from http://www.youthpolicy.org/national/Malaysia_1997_National_Youth_Development_Policy.pdf

Mitchell, T. R., & Beach, L. R. (1976). A review of occupational preference and choice research using expectancy theory and decision theory. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 49, 231-248.

Morgan, T., & Ness, D. (2003). Career decision-making difficulties of first-year university students. The Canadian Journal of Career Development, 2, 33–39.

Mudhovozi P., & Chireshe R. (2012). Socio-demographic factors influencing career decision-making among undergraduate psychology students in South Africa. Journal of Social Science, 31(2), 167-176.

Neuman, W. L. (2014). Basics of social research: Qualitative & quantitative approaches (3rd ed.). London, UK: Pearson.

Niles, S. G., & Harris-Bowlsbey, J. (2009). Career development interventions in the 21st century (3rd ed.). New Jersey, NJ: Pearson.

Olamide, S. O., & Olawaiye, S. O. (2013). The factors determining the choice of career among secondary school students. The International Journal of Engineering and Science, 2(6), 33-44.

Omar, M. K., Zakaria, A., Ismail, S., Sim, J. L. S., & Selvakumar, V. (2015). Job selection preferences of accounting students in Malaysian private universities. Procedia Economics and Finance, 31, 91-100.

Paolillo, J., & Estes, R. (1982). An empirical analysis of career choice factors among accountants, attorneys, engineers, and physicians. The Accounting Review, 57(4), 785-93.

Renganathan, S., Abdul Karim, Z. A., & Chong, S.L. (2012). Students’ perception of industrial internship programme. Education + Training, 54(2/3), 180-191.

Ros, M., Schwartz, S. H., & Surkiss, S. (1999). Basic individual values, work values, and the meaning of work. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48, 49–71.

Salatan, J. A. (2016, February). The influence of internship experience on students' career selection in the tourism and hospitality industry. Retrieved April, 2018, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/292507650

Schmutte, J. (2001). The communication gap in recruiting entry-level staff: a study. The CPA Journal, 68-70.

Shea, R., & Joy, R. (Eds.). (2012). A multi-sectoral approach to career development: A decade of Canadian research. Canada: The Canadian Journal of Career Development.

Sibson, R. D. (2011). Career choice perceptions of undergraduate event, sport and recreation management students: An Australian case study. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sports and Tourism Education, 10(2), 50-60.

Tan, S. K., & Wan Fauziah, W. Y. (2012, December). Generation X and Y and Their Work Motivation. Paper presented at the meeting of the Proceedings International Conference of Technology Management, Business and Entrepreneurship, Melaka, Malaysia.

Ting, X. (2017). Identifying Motivation Preferences of Generation Y Talent in China. Unpublished master’s thesis, University of Applied Sciences, Finland.

Vroom, V. H. (1964). Work and motivation. New York, NY: Wiley.

Watt, H. M. G., & Richardson, P. W. (2007). Motivational factors influencing teaching as a career choice: Development and validation of the FIT-choice scale. The Journal of Experimental Education, 75(3), 167-202.

Wesarat, P., Majid, A. H., & Sharif, M. Y. (2017). Factors influencing career choice of undergraduate business administration students: A comparative study of Thailand and Malaysia. The Social Sciences, 12(6), 1024-1029.

Wong S. C., & Liu, G. J. (2010), Will parental influences affect career choice? Evidence from hospitality and tourism management students in China. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 22(1), 82-102.

Yong, B. C. S. (1995). Teacher trainees’ motivation for entering into a teaching career in Brunei Darussalam. Teaching & Teacher Education, 11(3), 275-280.

Young, B. J. (1995). Career plans and work perceptions of preservice teachers. Teaching & Teacher Education, 11(3), 281-292.

Zhang, W. (2007). Why is: Understanding undergraduate students' intentions to choose an information systems major. Journal of Information Systems Education, 18(4), 447-458.