Performance Evaluation of YOLO Models in Plant Disease Detection

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Usman Ali
Maizatul Akmar Ismail
Riyaz Ahamed Ariyaluran Habeeb
Syed Roshaan Ali Shah


Plant diseases significantly impact global agriculture, leading to substantial production losses and economic consequences. Timely disease detection can enhance crop yield, optimize resource utilization, reduce costs, and mitigate environmental effects, ultimately ensuring high-quality food production. Deep learning, specifically computer vision-based techniques, have proven invaluable in tasks like image classification, segmentation, and object detection. Deep Learning techniques such as You Only Look Once (YOLO) models are state of the art neural network algorithms used for accurate object detection. In this study, YOLOv5, YOLOv7 and YOLOv8 models were trained on CCL’20 dataset for citrus disease detection. Data augmentation techniques such as image translation, image scaling, flip, mosaic augmentations were implemented to improve the models’ performance during training phase. The model performance was evaluated using metric such as Mean Average Precision at 50% to 95% Intersection over Union score i.e. mAP@50-95. The results show that YOLOv8 model performs better than other variants and offers significant improvements over the benchmark performance from previous studies. The final hyper-parameter tuned model achieved 96.1% mAP@50-95 on testing data for citrus disease detection and mAP@50-95 of 95.3%, 96.0% and 97.0% for detection of Anthracnose, Melanose and Bacterial Brown Spot diseases, respectively. The trained model was able to detect single and multiple instances of same or different disease in an image showing the potential of recent YOLO models. The trained YOLOv8 model is deployed on Roboflow platform.

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How to Cite
Ali, U., Maizatul Akmar Ismail, Riyaz Ahamed Ariyaluran Habeeb, & Syed Roshaan Ali Shah. (2024). Performance Evaluation of YOLO Models in Plant Disease Detection. Journal of Informatics and Web Engineering, 3(2), 199–211.
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