Influence of Process Parameters on Rapid Prototype Part Using Response Surface Methodology

Main Article Content

Chockalingam Palanisamy
Natarajan Chinnasamy
Karthikeyan Muthu


In this research the influencing process parameters on fused deposition modelling of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) parts were studied. The two process parameters, layer thickness and model interior fill style are studied. The specimens were built, tests carried out to find out the surface roughness quality of the specimens. The results analyzed using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The result indicates that the specimen Type 1 with the 0.254 mm layer thickness and solid model interior fill style is the best specimen among the types of specimens tested.

Article Details



R. Anitha, S. Arunachalam and P. Radhakrishnan, “Critical parameters influencing the quality of prototypes in fused deposition modelling,” J. Mater. Process. Technol., vol. 118, no. 1–3, pp. 385–388, 2001.

A. Boschetto and L. Bottini, “Robotics and Computer-integrated Manufacturing Design for manufacturing of surfaces to improve accuracy in Fused Deposition Modeling,” Robot. Comput. Integr. Manuf., vol. 37, pp. 103–114, 2016.

V. Mugendiran, A. Gnanavelbabu and R. Ramadoss, “Parameter optimization for surface roughness and wall thickness on AA5052 aluminium alloy by incremental forming using response surface methodology,” Procedia Eng., vol. 97, pp. 1991–2000, 2014.

P. J. Nuñez, A. Rivas, E. García-Plaza, E. Beamud and A. Sanz-Lobera, “Dimensional and surface texture characterization in Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM) with ABS plus,” Procedia Eng., vol. 132, pp. 856–863, 2015.

L. M. Galantucci, F. Lavecchia and G. Percoco, “Experimental study aiming to enhance the surface finish of fused deposition modeled parts,” CIRP Ann. - Manuf. Technol., vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 189–192, 2009.

Boschetto and L. Bottini, “Roughness prediction in coupled operations of fused deposition modeling and barrel finishing,” Journal of Material Processing Technology, vol. 219, pp. 181–192, 2015.

P. Chockalingam, C. K. Kok, and T. R. Vijayaram, “Parametric study on grindability of GFRP laminates using different abrasives,” International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial and Mechatronics Engineering, vol. 7, pp. 685-690, 2013.