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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Submissions should be sent as an attachment to an e-mail message to the Editors at vimala.perumal@mmu.edu.my. Your article should meet the required format and cover the following:




150 – 300 words

Key words

3 – 6 words


12-point Times New Roman




Normal (A4 Size)
(Top :2.54 cm , Bottom: 2.54 cm; Left : 3.18cm , Right: 3.18cm)

Page numbers



One-column Portrait


MS Word-compatible file


References should be listed at the end of the main text. The references style follows American Psychological Association (APA) citation style.

Image / Illustration

Resolution of at least 300 dpi (Approximately 200cm x 300cm). The image should always be accompanied by a suitable caption (the omission of a caption is only acceptable if you feel that the impact of the image would be reduced by the provision of written context). The following is the agreed style for captions, and as much information as is available should be provided: Figure 1: Artist, Title of Artwork, Year. Medium. Dimensions. Location. Copyright holder information [use of Courtesy of or © should be consistent]
Figures and Tables should be placed as part of the text and should be numbered.

Authors’ Bio

100 – 150 words


Please arrange your article in the following order:

1.       Author(s) name(s) including institution
2.       Title
3.       Abstract
4.       Keywords
5.       Main text
6.       References
7.       Acknowledgements
8.       Authors’ Bio
9.       Appendices
10.    Tables / Figures